The Origin And Development Of The Moral Ideas V2 Part 1

The Origin And Development Of The Moral Ideas V2 Part 1


  • Hardcover
  • 472 pages
  • The Origin And Development Of The Moral Ideas V2 Part 1
  • Edvard Westermarck
  • English
  • 10 March 2016
  • 9780548166345

10 thoughts on “The Origin And Development Of The Moral Ideas V2 Part 1

  1. Bob Nichols Bob Nichols says:

    Westermarck comes in two volumes and 1500 pages After an introductory discussion of his moral theory the bulk of his work is a survey of moral practices Though the relationship between theory and these practices is not so clear the survey itself is an impressive collection of cross cultural moral practices The author’s theory is that moral judgments and moral practices reflect emotion There’s no moral intellectualization without an underlying emotion that either approves or disapproves of some action These he terms the “retributive” emotions that disapprove the causes of pain or result in a “friendly attitude” and “moral approval to the causes of pleasure” This orientation toward the world evolved through natural selection and a continuity exists between the moral practices of “savages” and developed cultures The key hurdle for “moral development” is the transition from self orientation only to one that considers on principle the welfare of others Emotions are geared to merge the self and the group because individual well being depends on tribal solidarity Progressive cultures with enlightened thought he believes are able to transcend tribalism and apply moral directions universally “Our duties toward our fellow man are” he writes “universal duties not restrained by the limits of country or race” The altruistic sentiment is “the upward path from savagery and barbarism to civilization” that embraces a wider and wider circle of humankind As to why a cultured humankind will do such a thing Westermarck believes that “higher emotions” are determined by cognition We do it because mind tells us it is the right thing But why is this the right thing? Why should we submerge the self for the good of the whole? Where’s the motive force? Though he doesn’t go here Westermarck’s theory of moral judgment to think universally relies on an emotional underpinning here as well Embedded in emotion is a need of the body of some sort The motive force behind moral ideas and practices is not an intellectual command eg Kant’s categorical imperative per se It is a command of the body a directive based on enlightened self interest We respect others as ends because it’s in our interest to do so to avoid the Hobbesian world of disorder and the risks to the self’s interest Some commentary on Westermarck states that he is a cultural relativist That observation may not be accurate While his survey reveals a wide array of moral practices and ideas that make sense given our tribal nature we imprint on our group biologically based structures underlie all of these practices For example pain and pleasure like don’t like; good bad are involved as is our social and tribal nature our need for place and value our fears and our propensity for anger dislike Values such as freedom and euality can also be derived from our biolological need to be free to serve our self interest and our need to have others not impose on our need to be free


  2. Aaron Aaron says:

    I read this book years ago I look at it as a foundational manual for a variety of other subjects that reuire the proper sensitivity and cognition to addressWritten when humans roamed the Earth


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The Origin And Development Of The Moral Ideas V2 Part 1❰Reading❯ ➸ The Origin And Development Of The Moral Ideas V2 Part 1 Author Edvard Westermarck – Capitalsoftworks.co.uk This scarce antiuarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original Due to its age it may contain imperfections such as marks notations marginalia and flawed pages Because we believe this work is cultu This scarce antiuarian book is a facsimile And Development PDF Ë reprint of the original Due to its age it may contain imperfections such as marks notations marginalia and flawed pages Because we believe this work is culturally important we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting preserving and promoting the world's literature in affordable high uality modern editions that are true to the original work.


About the Author: Edvard Westermarck

Edvard Alexander Westermarck was a Finnish philosopher And Development PDF Ë and sociologist Among other subjects he studied exogamy and the incest taboo.


10 thoughts on “The Origin And Development Of The Moral Ideas V2 Part 1

  1. Bob Nichols Bob Nichols says:

    Westermarck comes in two volumes and 1500 pages After an introductory discussion of his moral theory the bulk of his work is a survey of moral practices Though the relationship between theory and these practices is not so clear the survey itself is an impressive collection of cross cultural moral practices The author’s theory is that moral judgments and moral practices reflect emotion There’s no moral intellectualization without an underlying emotion that either approves or disapproves of some action These he terms the “retributive” emotions that disapprove the causes of pain or result in a “friendly attitude” and “moral approval to the causes of pleasure” This orientation toward the world evolved through natural selection and a continuity exists between the moral practices of “savages” and developed cultures The key hurdle for “moral development” is the transition from self orientation only to one that considers on principle the welfare of others Emotions are geared to merge the self and the group because individual well being depends on tribal solidarity Progressive cultures with enlightened thought he believes are able to transcend tribalism and apply moral directions universally “Our duties toward our fellow man are” he writes “universal duties not restrained by the limits of country or race” The altruistic sentiment is “the upward path from savagery and barbarism to civilization” that embraces a wider and wider circle of humankind As to why a cultured humankind will do such a thing Westermarck believes that “higher emotions” are determined by cognition We do it because mind tells us it is the right thing But why is this the right thing? Why should we submerge the self for the good of the whole? Where’s the motive force? Though he doesn’t go here Westermarck’s theory of moral judgment to think universally relies on an emotional underpinning here as well Embedded in emotion is a need of the body of some sort The motive force behind moral ideas and practices is not an intellectual command eg Kant’s categorical imperative per se It is a command of the body a directive based on enlightened self interest We respect others as ends because it’s in our interest to do so to avoid the Hobbesian world of disorder and the risks to the self’s interest Some commentary on Westermarck states that he is a cultural relativist That observation may not be accurate While his survey reveals a wide array of moral practices and ideas that make sense given our tribal nature we imprint on our group biologically based structures underlie all of these practices For example pain and pleasure like don’t like; good bad are involved as is our social and tribal nature our need for place and value our fears and our propensity for anger dislike Values such as freedom and euality can also be derived from our biolological need to be free to serve our self interest and our need to have others not impose on our need to be free

  2. Aaron Aaron says:

    I read this book years ago I look at it as a foundational manual for a variety of other subjects that reuire the proper sensitivity and cognition to addressWritten when humans roamed the Earth

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *